Disaster Risk Analysis System with UNDP Bosnia & Herzogovenia
In Bosnia and Herzegovina, the UNDP are committed to helping the country through strengthened national and local capacities to carry out political, economic and social reforms and development. UNDP in Bosnia and Herzegovina focuses on 4 key areas: Justice and Security, Social Inclusion and Democratic Governance, Rural and Regional Development, and Energy and Environment.
UNDP in Bosnia and Herzegovina put out an invitation to tender for an app which could be used to analyse risk of hazards in two high risk municipalities, using data collected by weather stations and user reported data. They also required a portal so that staff could access information provided to the app and export it for use in other projects. The app would need maps, automated user location and an incorporation of GIS data in order to function completely, and would need to be available to users on as many platforms as possible.
A web app, available on all major browsers, as well as a downloadable app on iOS and Android tablets and phones. The app allows members of the public to check local areas for the probability of hazards (floods and landslides), and to report vulnerable people in those areas (for example, elderly people or those with a disability). This information is passed to a backend, where it is available to UNDP staff, and can also be used for risk analysis.
Using a hazard probability analysis, local reports and additional GIS data, DRAS app provides a risk score for any segment of the map selected by users. Areas are shown as high risk if there is a large likelihood of a hazard, and there are a lot of people there. In the event of a hazard, local authorities have a better idea of who may be in particular danger, as they’ll have a record of vulnerable people who were reported through the app. Local authorities will have their own access to the app which will provide additional information, allowing them to better plan for disasters and better respond when a disaster occurs. User data is picked up and returned to the database, which contributes to the overall predictive model.
"In 2014, Doboj was exposed to a major problem of floods, and Tuzla had the problem of landslides. Today’s step forward has been made thanks to UNDP and Turkey, and it is important in many aspects. This software can be upgraded for different aspects. We can anticipate and reduce risks in the future. Particularly important is that by a simple use of a cell phone anyone can check a place and whether it is risky for construction" Jasmin Imamović, Mayor of Tuzla.